Alphatec Spine, Inc.
Alphatec Holdings, Inc. (Form: 10-Q, Received: 05/01/2015 06:26:56)


 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549
 
 
 
FORM 10-Q
 
 
(Mark One)
x
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015
OR
o
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from                      to                     
Commission File Number: 000-52024
 
 
ALPHATEC HOLDINGS, INC.
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
 
Delaware
 
20-2463898
(State or other jurisdiction of
incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer
Identification No.)
5818 El Camino Real
Carlsbad, CA 92008
(Address of principal executive offices, including zip code)
(760) 431-9286
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.    Yes   x     No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).    Yes   x     No   o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filer
 
o
  
Accelerated filer
 
x
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Non-accelerated filer
 
o  (Do not check if a small reporting company)
  
Smaller reporting company
 
o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act)    Yes   o     No   x As of April 29, 2015 , there were 99,848,142 shares of the registrant’s common stock outstanding.
 




ALPHATEC HOLDINGS, INC.
QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
March 31, 2015
Table of Contents
 
 
 
Page
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Item 2.
Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
Item 3.
Item 4.
 
 
 
 
 
Item 1.
Item 1A.
Item 2.
Item 6.
 
 

2



PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
 
Item 1.
Financial Statements
ALPHATEC HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(UNAUDITED)
(In thousands, except for par value data)  
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
Assets
 
 
 
Current assets:
 
 
 
Cash
$
11,400

 
$
19,735

Restricted cash
4,400

 
4,400

Accounts receivable, net
38,914

 
40,440

Inventories, net
41,772

 
41,747

Prepaid expenses and other current assets
4,734

 
5,466

Deferred income tax assets
1,248

 
1,324

Total current assets
102,468

 
113,112

Property and equipment, net
25,913

 
26,040

Goodwill
161,702

 
171,333

Intangibles, net
27,114

 
30,259

Other assets
2,909

 
4,179

Total assets
$
320,106

 
$
344,923

Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity
 
 
 
Current liabilities:
 
 
 
Accounts payable
$
8,909

 
$
10,130

Accrued expenses
30,380

 
35,393

Deferred revenue
1,351

 
1,300

Common stock warrant liabilities
8,817

 
8,702

Current portion of long-term debt
7,256

 
8,076

Total current liabilities
56,713

 
63,601

Long-term debt, less current portion
72,223

 
74,597

Other long-term liabilities
31,261

 
32,220

Deferred income tax liabilities
1,862

 
1,948

Redeemable preferred stock, $0.0001 par value; 20,000 authorized at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014; 3,319 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014
23,603

 
23,603

Stockholders’ equity:
 
 
 
Common stock, $0.0001 par value; 200,000 authorized at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014; 99,848 and 99,856 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, respectively
10

 
10

Treasury stock, 19 shares
(97
)
 
(97
)
Additional paid-in capital
415,167

 
413,921

Shareholder note receivable
(5,000
)
 
(5,000
)
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(22,513
)
 
(11,316
)
Accumulated deficit
(253,123
)
 
(248,564
)
Total stockholders’ equity
134,444

 
148,954

Total liabilities and stockholders’ equity
$
320,106

 
$
344,923

See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

3



ALPHATEC HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands, except per share amounts)
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Revenues
$
48,647

 
$
49,173

 
Cost of revenues
15,335

 
15,433

 
Amortization of acquired intangible assets
369

 
446

 
Gross profit
32,943

 
33,294

 
Operating expenses:
 
 
 
 
Research and development
3,851

 
4,181

 
Sales and marketing
18,195

 
18,059

 
General and administrative
9,138

 
14,222

 
Amortization of acquired intangible assets
677

 
758

 
Restructuring expenses
(60
)
 
776

 
Total operating expenses
31,801

 
37,996

 
Operating income (loss)
1,142

 
(4,702
)
 
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
 
Interest income
7

 
3

 
Interest expense
(3,371
)
 
(1,688
)
 
Other income (expense), net
(1,437
)
 
383

 
Total other income (expense)
(4,801
)
 
(1,302
)
 
Pretax net loss
(3,659
)
 
(6,004
)
 
Income tax provision
902

 
669

 
Net loss
$
(4,561
)
 
$
(6,673
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Net loss per basic and diluted share
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.07
)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Shares used in calculating basic and diluted net loss per share
99,020

 
96,838

 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

4



ALPHATEC HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE LOSS
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Net loss
$
(4,561
)
 
$
(6,673
)
 
Foreign currency translation adjustments
(11,197
)
 
(179
)
 
Comprehensive loss
$
(15,758
)
 
$
(6,852
)
 
See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.

5



ALPHATEC HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Operating activities:
 
 
 
Net loss
$
(4,561
)
 
$
(6,673
)
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in by operating activities:
 
 
 
Depreciation and amortization
4,162

 
4,851

Stock-based compensation
1,253

 
944

Interest expense related to amortization of debt discount and debt issuance costs
1,394

 
430

Provision for doubtful accounts

 
178

Provision for excess and obsolete inventory
583

 
713

Deferred income tax expense
233

 
106

Other non-cash items
(133
)
 
(335
)
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
 
 
 
Restricted cash
1,100

 
(17,750
)
Accounts receivable
1,263

 
2,560

Inventories
(686
)
 
(1,239
)
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
335

 
(72
)
Other assets
3

 
(128
)
Accounts payable
(487
)
 
4,036

Accrued expenses and other
(6,712
)
 
(3,984
)
Deferred revenues
30

 
(18
)
Net cash used in operating activities
(2,223
)
 
(16,381
)
Investing activities:
 
 
 
Purchases of property and equipment
(3,462
)
 
(1,794
)
Cash received from sale of assets

 
300

Net cash used in investing activities
(3,462
)
 
(1,494
)
Financing activities:
 
 
 
Borrowings under lines of credit
38,951

 
39,021

Repayments under lines of credit
(40,227
)
 
(36,601
)
Principal payments on capital lease obligations
(196
)
 
(120
)
Proceeds from notes payable

 
19,500

Principal payments on notes payable
(2,234
)
 
(1,488
)
Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities
(3,706
)
 
20,312

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash
1,056

 
(18
)
Net (decrease) increase in cash
(8,335
)
 
2,419

Cash at beginning of period
19,735

 
21,345

Cash at end of period
$
11,400

 
$
23,764



  See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.


6



ALPHATEC HOLDINGS, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS—(Continued)
(UNAUDITED)
(in thousands)
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Supplemental disclosure of cash flow information:

 

Cash paid for interest
$
1,856

 
$
1,189

Cash paid for income taxes
$
265

 
$
142

Purchases of property and equipment in accounts payable
$
886

 
$
1,711

Non-cash debt discount
$

 
$
500

Initial fair value of warrant liability
$

 
$
10,368


See accompanying notes to unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements.










































7






ALPHATEC HOLDINGS, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS (UNAUDITED)
1. T he Company and Basis of Presentation
The Company
Alphatec Holdings, Inc. (“Alphatec”, “Alphatec Holdings” or the “Company”), through its wholly owned subsidiary, Alphatec Spine, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“Alphatec Spine”), designs, develops, manufactures and markets products for the surgical treatment of spine disorders. In addition to its U.S. operations, the Company also markets its products in over 50 international markets through the distribution channels of Alphatec Spine and its affiliate, Scient’x S.A.S., and its subsidiaries (“Scient’x”), via a direct sales force in Italy and the United Kingdom and via independent distributors in the rest of Europe, the Middle East and Africa. In South America and Latin America, the Company conducts its operations through its Brazilian subsidiary, Cibramed Productos Medicos. In Asia, the Company markets its products through its subsidiary, Alphatec Pacific, Inc. and its subsidiaries (“Alphatec Pacific”), via a direct sales force and independent distributors, and through distributors in other parts of Asia and Australia.
Basis of Presentation
The accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheet as of December 31, 2014 , which has been derived from audited financial statements, and the unaudited interim condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared by the Company in accordance with U.S. generally accepted accounting principles (“GAAP”) and the rules and regulations of the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) related to a quarterly report on Form 10-Q. Certain information and note disclosures normally included in annual audited financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP have been condensed or omitted pursuant to those rules and regulations, although the Company believes that the disclosures made in this quarterly report on Form 10-Q are adequate to make the information not misleading. The interim unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements reflect all adjustments which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair statement of the financial position and results of operations for the periods presented. All such adjustments are of a normal and recurring nature. These unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the Company’s audited financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2014 , which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 that was filed with the SEC on February 26, 2015.
Operating results for the three months ended March 31, 2015 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2015 , or any other future periods.
The accompanying condensed consolidated financial statements have been prepared assuming that the Company will continue as a going concern. A going concern basis of accounting contemplates the recovery of the Company’s assets and the satisfaction of its liabilities in the normal course of business. Based on the Company’s annual operating plan, management believes that its cash as of March 31, 2015 of $11.4 million combined with anticipated cash flow from operations through March 31, 2016 and other working capital, excluding common stock warrant liabilities, of $43.2 million at March 31, 2015 and the Company's available borrowings under the credit facilities with MidCap Financial, LLC ("MidCap") will be sufficient to fund its cash requirements through at least March 31, 2016 .
The Company’s amended and restated credit facility (the “Amended Credit Facility”) with MidCap contains financial covenants consisting of a monthly fixed charge coverage ratio, a senior leverage ratio and a total leverage ratio (see Note 5). Based on the Company’s current operating plan, the Company believes that it will be in compliance with the financial covenants of the Amended Credit Facility at least through March 31, 2016 . However, there is no assurance that the Company will be able to do so. If the Company is not able to achieve its planned revenue or incurs costs in excess of its forecasts, it may be required to substantially reduce discretionary spending and it could be in default of the Amended Credit Facility. There can be no assurance that the Company could obtain a waiver of such default from MidCap, that the Amended Credit Facility could be successfully renegotiated or that the Company could modify its operations to maintain liquidity. If the Company is unable to obtain any required waiver or amendments, MidCap would have the right to exercise remedies specified in the Amended Credit Facility, including accelerating the repayment of debt obligations. The Company may be forced to seek additional financing, which may include additional debt and/or equity financing or funding through other third party agreements. There can be no assurances that additional financing would be available on acceptable terms or available at all. Furthermore, any equity financing may result in dilution to existing stockholders and any debt financing may involve agreements that include covenants

8



limiting or restricting the Company's ability to take specific actions, such as incurring debt, making capital expenditures or declaring dividends.
2. Summary of Significant Accounting Policies
The Company’s significant accounting policies are described in Note 2 to its audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2014 , which are included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K that was filed with the SEC on February 26, 2015 . Except as discussed below, these accounting policies have not significantly changed during the three months ended March 31, 2015 .
Fair Value Measurements
The carrying amount of financial instruments consisting of cash, restricted cash, trade accounts receivable, prepaid expenses and other current assets, accounts payable, accrued expenses, accrued compensation and current portion of long-term debt included in the Company’s consolidated financial statements are reasonable estimates of fair value due to their short maturities. Based on the borrowing rates currently available to the Company for loans with similar terms, management believes the fair value of long-term debt approximates its carrying value.
Authoritative guidance establishes a three-tier fair value hierarchy, which prioritizes the inputs used in measuring fair value as follows:
Level 1:
Observable inputs such as quoted prices in active markets;
Level 2:
Inputs, other than the quoted prices in active markets, that are observable either directly or indirectly; and
Level 3:
Unobservable inputs in which there is little or no market data, which require the reporting entity to develop its own assumptions.
The Company does not maintain any financial instruments that are considered to be Level 1 or Level 2 instruments as of March 31, 2015 or December 31, 2014 . The Company classifies its common stock warrant liabilities within Level 3 of the fair value hierarchy because they are valued using valuation models with significant unobservable inputs. The following table provides a reconciliation of liabilities measured at fair value using significant unobservable inputs (Level 3) for the three months ended March 31, 2015 (in thousands):  
 
Common Stock Warrant Liabilities
Balance at December 31, 2014
$
8,702

Issuance

Changes in fair value
115

Balance at March 31, 2015
$
8,817

Common stock warrant liabilities are measured at fair value using the Black-Scholes option pricing valuation model. The assumptions used in the Black-Scholes option pricing valuation model for the common stock warrant liabilities were: (a) a risk-free interest rate based on the rates for U.S. Treasury zero-coupon bonds with maturities similar to those of the remaining contractual term of the warrants; (b) an assumed dividend yield of zero based on the Company’s expectation that it will not pay dividends in the foreseeable future; (c) an expected term based on the remaining contractual term of the warrants; and (d) an expected volatility based upon the Company's historical volatility over the remaining contractual term of the warrants. The significant unobservable input used in measuring the fair value of the common stock warrant liabilities associated with the Deerfield Facility Agreement (defined below) is the expected volatility. Significant increases in volatility would result in a higher fair value measurement.

9



Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the FASB issued new accounting guidance related to revenue recognition. This new standard will replace all current U.S. GAAP guidance on this topic and eliminate all industry-specific guidance. The new revenue recognition standard provides a unified model to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The core principle is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. On April 1, 2015, the FASB proposed deferring the effective date by one year to December 15, 2017 for annual reporting periods beginning after that date. The FASB also proposed permitting early adoption of the standard, but not before the original effective date of December 15, 2016. The Company is currently evaluating the impact, if any, the adoption of this standard will have on its financial statements.
In August 2014, the FASB issued guidance related to disclosures of uncertainties about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. The guidance requires management to evaluate whether there are conditions and events that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the financial statements are issued. Management will be required to make this evaluation for both annual and interim reporting periods and will have to make certain disclosures if it concludes that substantial doubt exists or when its plans alleviate substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. Substantial doubt exists when relevant conditions and events, considered in the aggregate, indicate that it is probable that the entity will be unable to meet its obligations as they become due within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. The guidance is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016 and for interim reporting periods starting in the first quarter 2017, with early adoption permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of this guidance and expects to adopt the standard for the annual reporting period ending December 31, 2017.
In April 2015, the FASB issued guidance that amends existing guidance to require the presentation of debt issuance costs in the balance sheet as a deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liability instead of a deferred charge. The guidance will not change the amortization of debt issuance costs, which will continue to follow the existing accounting guidance. The guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015, but early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently evaluating the impact of adopting this new accounting standard on its financial statements.

3. Select Balance Sheet Details
Accounts Receivable, net
Accounts receivable, net consist of the following (in thousands):
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Accounts receivable
$
39,674

 
$
41,233

Allowance for doubtful accounts
(760
)
 
(793
)
Accounts receivable, net
$
38,914

 
$
40,440

Inventories, net
Inventories, net consist of the following (in thousands):  
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
 
Gross
 
Reserve for
excess and
obsolete
 
Net
 
Gross
 
Reserve for
excess and
obsolete
 
Net
Raw materials
$
4,537

 
$

 
$
4,537

 
$
5,020

 
$

 
$
5,020

Work-in-process
828

 

 
828

 
1,032

 

 
1,032

Finished goods
56,795

 
(20,388
)
 
36,407

 
57,020

 
(21,325
)
 
35,695

Inventories
$
62,160

 
$
(20,388
)
 
$
41,772

 
$
63,072

 
$
(21,325
)
 
$
41,747


10



Property and Equipment, net
Property and equipment, net consist of the following (in thousands except as indicated):
 
Useful lives
(in years)
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Surgical instruments
4
 
$
63,139

 
$
62,872

Machinery and equipment
7
 
15,510

 
15,382

Computer equipment
3
 
3,252

 
3,180

Office furniture and equipment
5
 
3,750

 
3,789

Leasehold improvements
various
 
3,859

 
3,841

Building
39
 
66

 
65

Land
n/a
 
9

 
9

Construction in progress
n/a
 
1,791

 
1,320

 
 
 
91,376

 
90,458

Less accumulated depreciation and amortization
 
 
(65,463
)
 
(64,418
)
Property and equipment, net
 
 
$
25,913

 
$
26,040

Total depreciation expense was $2.8 million and $3.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 , respectively. At March 31, 2015 , assets recorded under capital leases of $3.2 million were included in the machinery and equipment balance and $0.6 million were included in the construction in progress balance. At December 31, 2014 , assets recorded under capital leases of $3.2 million were included in the machinery and equipment balance and $0.6 million were included in the construction in progress balance. Amortization of assets under capital leases was included in depreciation expense.
Intangible Assets, net
Intangible assets, net consist of the following (in thousands except for useful lives):
 
 
Useful lives
(in years)
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Developed product technology
3-8
 
$
21,606

 
$
22,526

Distribution rights
3
 
2,114

 
2,095

Intellectual property
5
 
1,004

 
1,004

License agreements
1-7
 
16,716

 
16,716

Core technology
10
 
4,069

 
4,554

Trademarks and trade names
3-9
 
3,258

 
3,559

Customer-related
12-15
 
19,107

 
20,493

Distribution network
10-12
 
4,027

 
4,027

Physician education programs
10
 
2,505

 
2,802

Supply agreement
10
 
225

 
225

 
 
 
74,631

 
78,001

Less accumulated amortization
 
 
(47,517
)
 
(47,742
)
Intangible assets, net
 
 
$
27,114

 
$
30,259

Total amortization expense was $1.4 million and $1.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 , respectively.

11



Future amortization expense related to intangible assets as of March 31, 2015 is as follows (in thousands):
Year Ending December 31,
 
Remainder of 2015
$
3,964

2016
4,854

2017
4,556

2018
2,859

2019
2,675

Thereafter
8,206

 
$
27,114

  Accrued Expenses
Accrued expenses consist of the following (in thousands):  
 
March 31, 2015
 
December 31, 2014
Legal
$
572

 
$
967

Accounting
856

 
1,262

Severance
114

 
318

Restructuring
336

 
531

Sales milestones
118

 
107

Accrued taxes
906

 
1,344

Deferred rent
681

 
785

Royalties
2,094

 
2,129

Commissions
4,390

 
6,152

Payroll and related
6,454

 
8,291

Litigation settlements
6,397

 
7,393

Accrued interest
997

 
946

Other
6,465

 
5,168

Total accrued expenses
$
30,380

 
$
35,393

Goodwill
The changes in the carrying amount of goodwill from December 31, 2014 through March 31, 2015 are as follows (in thousands):
 
 
 
Balance at December 31, 2014
$
171,333

Effect of foreign exchange rate on goodwill
(9,631
)
Balance at March 31, 2015
$
161,702

4. License and Consulting Agreements
The Company’s license and consulting agreements are described in Note 5 to its audited consolidated financial statements for the year ended December 31, 2014 , which are included in its Annual Report on Form 10-K which was filed with the SEC on February 26, 2015.


12



5. Debt
MidCap Facility Agreement
On August 30, 2013, the Company entered into the Amended Credit Facility with MidCap. The Amended Credit Facility amended and restated the prior credit facility that the Company had with MidCap (the "Prior Credit Facility").
Pursuant to the Amended Credit Facility, the Company increased the borrowing limit from $50 million to $73 million . The Company also extended the maturity to August 2016 . The Amended Credit Facility consists of a $33 million term loan, $28 million of which was drawn at closing and the remaining $5 million of which was drawn in April 2014, and a revolving line of credit with a maximum borrowing base of $40 million , of which $30.5 million was outstanding under the revolving line of credit at March 31, 2015 . The Company used the term loan proceeds of $28 million drawn at closing to repay a portion of the outstanding balance on the prior revolving line of credit.
The term loan interest rate is priced at the London Interbank Offered Rate ( "LIBOR") plus 8.0% , subject to a 9.5% floor, and the revolving line of credit interest rate remains priced at LIBOR plus 6.0% , reset monthly. At March 31, 2015 , the revolving line of credit carried an interest rate of 6.2% and the term loan carries an interest rate of 9.5% . The borrowing base is determined, from time to time, based on the value of domestic eligible accounts receivable and domestic eligible inventory. As collateral for the Amended Credit Facility, the Company granted MidCap a security interest in substantially all of its assets, including all accounts receivable and all securities evidencing its interests in its subsidiaries. In addition to monthly payments of interest, monthly repayments of $0.3 million of the principal for the term loan were made beginning in October 2013, increasing to $0.5 million beginning in October 2014, and are due through maturity, with the remaining principal due upon maturity.
In connection with the execution of the Amended Credit Facility, the Company incurred an additional $0.4 million in costs that were capitalized as debt issuance costs. At March 31, 2015 , $0.4 million remains as unamortized debt issuance costs related to the prior and Amended Credit Facility within the unaudited consolidated balance sheet, which will be amortized over the remaining term of the Amended Credit Facility.
The Amended Credit Facility includes traditional lending and reporting covenants including a fixed charge coverage ratio, a senior leverage ratio and a total leverage ratio to be maintained by the Company. The Amended Credit Facility also includes several potential events of default, such as payment default and insolvency conditions, which could cause interest to be charged at a rate which is up to five percentage points above the rate effective immediately before the event of default or result in MidCap’s right to declare all outstanding obligations immediately due and payable.
In January 2013, the Company entered into a limited waiver and limited consent agreement with MidCap (the “Waiver”). Under the Waiver, MidCap gave the Company its consent to waive certain provisions of the Credit Facility in connection with the acquisition of the assets of Phygen, LLC ("Phygen") and related to the maintenance of cash balances in the U.S. In February 2013, the Company and MidCap entered into a first amendment to the Credit Facility (the "First Amendment to the Credit Facility”). The First Amendment to the Credit Facility allowed the Company to exclude payments related to the Phygen acquisition and the settlement agreement with Cross Medical Products, LLC (“Cross”) from calculation of the fixed charge coverage ratio and the senior leverage ratio. In conjunction with the First Amendment to the Credit Facility, the Company paid MidCap a fee of $0.1 million . In July 2013, the Company entered into a second limited waiver and limited consent agreement with MidCap (the “Second Waiver”). Under the Second Waiver, MidCap gave the Company its consent to waive certain provisions of the Credit Facility related to the maintenance of cash balances in the U.S. for past periods through September 30, 2013. On August 30, 2013, the Company entered into the Amended Credit Agreement with MidCap.
On March 17, 2014, the Company entered into a first amendment to the Amended Credit Facility with MidCap (the "First Amendment to the Amended Credit Facility"). Under the First Amendment to the Amended Credit Facility, MidCap gave the Company its consent to enter into the Facility Agreement (defined below) and make settlement payments in connection with the Orthotec litigation. The First Amendment to the Amended Credit Facility also added a total leverage ratio financial covenant. The Company was in compliance with all of the covenants of the Amended Credit Facility as of March 31, 2015 .

13



Deerfield Facility Agreement
On March 17, 2014, the Company entered into a facility agreement (the “Facility Agreement”) with Deerfield Private Design Fund II, L.P., Deerfield Private Design International II, L.P. Deerfield Special Situations Fund, L.P. and Deerfield Special Situations International Master Fund, L.P. (collectively "Deerfield"), pursuant to which Deerfield agreed to loan the Company up to $50 million , subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Facility Agreement. Under the terms of the Facility Agreement, the Company had the option, but was not required, upon certain conditions to draw the entire amount available under the Facility Agreement, at any time until January 30, 2015 (the “Draw Period”), provided that the initial draw be used for a portion of the payments made in connection with the Orthotec settlement described in Note 6 below. The Company has agreed to pay Deerfield, upon each disbursement of funds under the Facility Agreement, a transaction fee equal to 2.5% of the principal amount of the funds disbursed. Amounts borrowed under the Facility Agreement bear interest at a rate of 8.75% per annum and are payable on the third, fourth and fifth anniversary date of the first amount borrowed under the Facility Agreement, with the final payment due on March 20, 2019.
The Facility Agreement also contains various representations and warranties, and affirmative and negative covenants, customary for financings of this type, including restrictions on the ability of the Company and its subsidiaries to incur additional indebtedness or liens on its assets, except as permitted under the Facility Agreement. As security for the Company's repayment of its obligations under the Facility Agreement, the Company granted to Deerfield a security interest in substantially all of the Company's property and interests in property, which is subordinated to the security interest granted under the Amended Credit Facility.
In connection with the execution of the Facility Agreement on March 17, 2014, the Company issued to Deerfield warrants to purchase an aggregate of 6,250,000 shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Initial Warrants”) (See Note 8). Additionally, the Company agreed that each disbursement borrowing under the Facility Agreement be accompanied by the issuance to Deerfield of warrants to purchase up to 10,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, in proportion to the amount of draw compared to the total $50 million facility (the "Draw Warrants") (See Note 8).
On March 20, 2014, the Company made an initial draw of $20 million under the Facility Agreement and received net proceeds of $19.5 million to fund the portion of the settlement payment obligations that were due in 2014 to Orthotec, LLC. The $0.5 million transaction fee is recorded as a debt discount and is being amortized over the term of the draw, which ends March 20, 2019. In connection with this borrowing, the Company issued Draw Warrants to purchase 4,000,000 shares of common stock, which were valued at $4.7 million and recorded as a debt discount and is being amortized over the term of the $20 million draw. Additionally, $2.3 million of the value of the Initial Warrants was reclassified as a debt discount and is being amortized through interest expense over the term of the debt using the effective interest method.
On November 21, 2014, the Company made a second draw of $6 million under the Facility Agreement and received net proceeds of $5.9 million to fund a portion of the Orthotec settlement payments due through 2016. The $0.2 million transaction fee was recorded as a debt discount and is being amortized over the remaining term of the draw, which ends March 20, 2019. In connection with this second draw, the Company issued Draw Warrants to purchase 1,200,000 shares of common stock, which were valued at $0.9 million and were recorded as a debt discount and is being amortized over the term of the debt using the effective interest method.
As of March 31, 2015, Orthotec settlement payments of $19.7 million have been made, leaving remaining proceeds from the Facility Agreement of $4.4 million , which were classified as short-term restricted cash and $1.3 million , which are classified as long-term restricted cash under other assets, borrowed under the Facility Agreement, as their use is limited under the terms of the Facility Agreement for the payments of amounts due under the Orthotec litigation settlement agreement. Additionally, a payment of $1.1 million was made on April 1, 2015. The amounts borrowed under the Facility Agreement, which total $26.0 million in principal as of March 31, 2015 , are due in three equal annual payments beginning March 20, 2017. Additionally, $0.2 million of the value of the Initial Warrants was reclassified as a debt discount and is being amortized through interest expense over the term of the debt using the effective interest method.


14



Principal payments on debt are as follows as of March 31, 2015 (in thousands):  
 
 
Year Ending December 31,
 
Remainder of 2015
$
5,111

2016
53,597

2017
8,667

2018
8,667

2019
8,667

Thereafter

Total
84,709

Add: capital lease principal payments
1,589

Less: debt discount
(6,819
)
Total
79,479

Less: current portion of long-term debt
(7,256
)
Long-term debt, net of current portion
$
72,223

6. Commitments and Contingencies
Leases
The Company leases certain equipment under capital leases which expire on various dates through June 2017 . The leases bear interest at rates ranging from 6.6% to 9.6% per annum, are generally due in monthly principal and interest installments and are collateralized by the related equipment. The Company also leases its buildings and certain equipment and vehicles under operating leases which expire on various dates through January 2019 . Future minimum annual lease payments under such leases are as follows as of March 31, 2015 (in thousands):
 
Year Ending December 31,
Operating
 
Capital
Remainder of 2015
$
2,602

 
$
625

2016
2,190

 
787

2017
731

 
347

2018
193

 

2019
71

 

 
$
5,787

 
1,759

Less: amount representing interest
 
 
(170
)
Present value of minimum lease payments
 
 
1,589

Current portion of capital leases
 
 
(715
)
Capital leases, less current portion
 
 
$
874

Rent expense under operating leases for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 was $0.8 million and $1.0 million , respectively.

15



Litigation
On March 15, 2014, the Company, Orthotec, LLC and certain other parties, including certain directors and affiliate of the Company, entered into a binding term sheet (the "Binding Term Sheet") to resolve the Orthotec, LLC v. Surgiview, S.A.S, et al. matter in the Superior Court of California, Los Angeles County and related litigation matters (the "Orthotec Settlement"). Pursuant to the terms contained in the Binding Term Sheet, the Company agreed to pay Orthotec, LLC $49 million in cash, including initial cash payments totaling $1.75 million , which the Company previously paid in March 2014, and an additional lump sum payment of $15.75 million , which the Company previously paid in April 2014. The Company agreed to pay the remaining $31.5 million in 28 quarterly installments of $1.1 million and then one additional quarterly installment of $700,000 , commencing October 1, 2014. As of March 31, 2015, the Company has made quarterly installment payments in the aggregate of $19.7 million . The Company has the right to prepay the amounts due without penalty. In addition, the unpaid balance of the amounts due accrues interest at the rate of 7% per year beginning May 15, 2014 until the amounts due are paid in full. The accrued but unpaid interest will be paid in quarterly installments of $1.1 million (or the full amount of the accrued but unpaid interest if less than $1.1 million ) following the full payment of the $31.5 million in quarterly installments described above. No interest will accrue on the accrued interest. The Binding Term Sheet provided for mutual releases of all claims in the Orthotec, LLC v. Surgiview, S.A.S, et al. matter in the Superior Court of California, Los Angeles County and all other related litigation matters involving the Company and its directors and affiliates.
On September 26, 2014, the Company entered into a Settlement and Release Agreement, dated as of August 13, 2014, by and among the Company and its direct subsidiaries, including Alphatec Spine, Inc., Alphatec Holdings International C.V., Scient'x S.A.S. and Surgiview S.A.S.; HealthpointCapital, LLC, HealthpointCapital Partners, L.P., HealthpointCapital Partners II, L.P., John H. Foster and Mortimer Berkowitz III; and Orthotec, LLC and Patrick Bertranou, (the "Settlement Agreement"). The Settlement Agreement contains substantially the same business terms as the Binding Term Sheet set forth above, and supersedes the Binding Term Sheet.
On August 10, 2010, a purported securities class action complaint was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of California on behalf of all persons who purchased the Company's common stock between December 19, 2009 and August 5, 2010 against the Company and certain of its directors and officers alleging violations of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the "Exchange Act"), and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder. On February 17, 2011, an amended complaint was filed against the Company and certain of its directors and officers adding alleged violations of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended (the "Securities Act"). HealthpointCapital, Jefferies & Company, Inc., Canaccord Adams, Inc., Cowen and Company, Inc., and Lazard Capital Markets LLC are also defendants in this action. The complaint alleges that the defendants made false or misleading statements and failed to disclose material facts about the Company’s business, financial condition, operations and prospects, particularly relating to the Scient’x transaction and the Company's financial guidance following the closing of the acquisition. The complaint seeks unspecified monetary damages, attorneys’ fees, and other unspecified relief. The Company filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint on April 18, 2011. The district court granted the motion to dismiss with leave to amend on March 22, 2012. On April 19, 2012, the lead plaintiff filed a Second Amended Complaint alleging violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act and violations of Section 11, 12(a)(2), and 15 of the Securities Act against the same named defendants. On May 3, 2012, the Company filed a motion to dismiss the Second Amended Complaint. The district court granted that motion without leave to amend and entered final judgment in the Company’s favor on March 28, 2013. On April 17, 2013, the lead plaintiff filed a notice of appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. The appeal has been fully briefed and an oral argument is scheduled for May 5, 2015. The Company believes that the claims are without merit and it intends to vigorously defend itself against this complaint. However, the outcome of the litigation cannot be predicted at this time and any outcome that is adverse to the Company, regardless of who the defendant is, could have a significant adverse effect on the Company's financial condition and results of operations.
At March 31, 2015 , the probable outcome of any of the aforementioned litigation matters that have not reached a settlement cannot be determined nor can the Company estimate a range of potential loss. Accordingly, in accordance with the authoritative guidance on the evaluation of contingencies, the Company has not recorded an accrual related to any litigation matters that have not reached a settlement. The Company is and may become involved in various other legal proceedings arising from its business activities. While management does not believe the ultimate disposition of the above matters that have not yet been settled will have a material adverse impact on the Company’s consolidated results of operations, cash flows or financial position, litigation is inherently unpredictable, and depending on the nature and timing of these proceedings, an unfavorable resolution could materially affect the Company’s future consolidated results of operations, cash flows or financial position in a particular period.

16



Royalties
The Company has entered into various intellectual property agreements requiring the payment of royalties based on the sale of products that utilize such intellectual property. These royalties primarily relate to products sold by Alphatec Spine and are calculated either as a percentage of net sales or in one instance on a per-unit sold basis. Royalties are included on the accompanying condensed consolidated statement of operations as a component of cost of revenues.
7. Net Loss Per Share
Basic earnings per share (“EPS”) is calculated by dividing the net income or loss available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period, without consideration for common stock equivalents. Diluted EPS is computed by dividing the net income available to common stockholders by the weighted average number of common shares outstanding for the period and the weighted average number of dilutive common stock equivalents outstanding for the period determined using the treasury-stock method. For purposes of this calculation, common stock subject to repurchase by the Company, options and warrants are considered to be common stock equivalents and are only included in the calculation of diluted earnings per share when their effect is dilutive (in thousands, except per share data):
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Numerator:
 
 
 
 
Net loss for basic earnings per share
$
(4,561
)
 
$
(6,673
)
 
Diluted net loss applicable to common stockholders
$
(4,561
)
 
$
(6,673
)
 
Denominator:
 
 
 
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding
99,849

 
97,668

 
Weighted average unvested common shares subject to repurchase
(829
)
 
(830
)
 
Weighted average common shares outstanding—basic
99,020

 
96,838

 
Effect of dilutive securities:
 
 
 
 
Conversion of preferred stock

 

 
Options

 

 
Warrants

 

 
Weighted average common shares outstanding—diluted
99,020

 
96,838

 
Net loss per share:
 
 
 
 
Basic
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.07
)
 
Diluted
$
(0.05
)
 
$
(0.07
)
 
The anti-dilutive securities not included in diluted net loss per share were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended 
 March 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
Options to purchase common stock
7,318

 
5,378

 
Unvested restricted share awards
829

 
830

 
Warrants to purchase common stock
11,544

 
10,844

 
Total
19,691

 
17,052

 
8. Equity Transactions
Warrants
In connection with the execution of the Facility Agreement, on March 17, 2014, the Company issued to Deerfield warrants to purchase an aggregate of 6,250,000 shares of the Company’s common stock immediately exercisable at an exercise price equal to $1.39 per share (the “Initial Warrants”) expiring on March 17, 2020. The number of shares of common stock into which the Initial Warrants are exercisable and the exercise price will be adjusted to reflect any stock splits, payment of stock

17



dividends, recapitalizations, reclassifications or other similar adjustments in the number of outstanding shares of the Company’s common stock. The warrants have the same dividend rights to the same extent as if the warrants had been exercised for shares of common stock.
The Company agreed that upon each disbursement borrowing under the Facility Agreement, the Company would issue to Deerfield Draw Warrants to purchase up to an aggregate of 10,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock, at an exercise price equal to the lesser of the Initial Warrant exercise price or the average daily volume weighted average price per share of the Company’s common stock for the 15 days following the request for borrowing (the “Draw Warrants”). The Company agreed that the number of Draw Warrants issued for each draw be in proportion to the amount of draw compared to the total $50 million facility.
The Initial Warrants were valued on March 17, 2014 using a Black-Scholes option pricing model that resulted in a value of $5.7 million , which was recorded as a current liability with an offset to a deferred charge asset and was amortized on a straight line basis through interest expense over the term of the Facility Agreement commitment period ending January 30, 2015. A proportionate amount of the unamortized current deferred charge will be reclassified as debt discount and amortized through interest expense over the term of the debt using the effective interest method. No further draws maybe made under this Facility Agreement.
On March 20, 2014, the Company made an initial draw of $20 million under the Facility Agreement and received net proceeds of $19.5 million to fund the portion of the Orthotec settlement payment obligations that were due in 2014. In connection with this initial draw, the Company issued Draw Warrants to purchase 4,000,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.39 per share. The Draw Warrants were valued at $4.7 million using the Black-Scholes option pricing model, which was recorded as a current liability with an offset to debt discount.
On November 21, 2014, the Company made a second draw of $6 million under the Facility Agreement and received net proceeds of $5.9 million to fund the portion of the Orthotec settlement payments payable through 2016. The $0.2 million transaction fee was recorded as a debt discount and is being amortized over the remaining term of the draw, which ends March 20, 2019. In connection with this second draw, the Company issued Draw Warrants to purchase 1,200,000 shares of common stock at an exercise price of $1.39 per share, which were valued at $0.9 million and recorded as a debt discount and is being amortized over the term of the draw.
As of March 31, 2015 , the outstanding Initial Warrants and Draw Warrants to purchase an aggregate of 11,450,000 shares of common stock were revalued to their fair value with a charge to other income (expense) of $0.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 . The warrant liability of $8.8 million is recorded as common stock warrant liabilities within current liabilities on the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2015 .
At March 31, 2015 , the outstanding warrants were valued using the Black-Scholes option pricing model. This is a Level 3 measurement using the following assumptions:
 
March 31, 2015
Risk-free interest rate
1.5
%
Dividend yield
%
Expected volatility
60
%
Expected life (years)
5.0

9. Stock Benefit Plans and Stock-Based Compensation
In February 2015, the Company granted 1,854,000 performance-based restricted stock units ("PSUs") to certain employees under its 2005 Employee, Director and Consultant Stock Plan (the "2005 Plan"). The PSUs vest based upon the Company's achievement of certain performance goals over the period from January 1, 2015 through December 31, 2017. The number of PSUs that may vest varies between 0% - 200% based on the achievement of such goals. The PSUs were valued at $1.35 per share based on the closing price of the Company's common stock on the date of grant. For purposes of measuring compensation expense, the amount of PSUs ultimately expected to vest is estimated at each reporting date based on management’s expectations regarding the relevant performance criteria. The recognition of compensation expense associated with PSUs requires judgment in assessing the probability of meeting the performance goals, as well as defined criteria for assessing achievement of the performance-related goals. The awards are deemed probable of vesting as of March 31, 2015.

18



10. Income Taxes
To calculate its interim tax provision, at the end of each interim period the Company estimates the annual effective tax rate and applies that to its ordinary quarterly earnings. In addition, the effect of changes in enacted tax laws or rates or tax status is recognized in the interim period in which the change occurs. The computation of the annual estimated effective tax rate at each interim period requires certain estimates and significant judgment including, but not limited to, the expected operating income for the year, projections of the proportion of income earned and taxed in foreign jurisdictions, permanent and temporary differences between book and tax amounts, and the likelihood of recovering deferred tax assets generated in the current year. The accounting estimates used to compute the provision for income taxes may change as new events occur, additional information is obtained or as the tax environment changes.
The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to uncertain tax positions as a component of the income tax provision. The Company’s unrecognized tax benefits decreased less than $0.2 million during the three months ended March 31, 2015 . The decrease in unrecognized tax benefits during the three months ended March 31, 2015 was primarily related to foreign currency fluctuations and changes in prior year uncertain tax positions within the Company's foreign subsidiaries, partially offset by an increase related to state research credits and uncertain tax positions within the Company’s foreign subsidiaries. The unrecognized tax benefits at March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014 were $8.7 million and $8.9 million , respectively. With the facts and circumstances currently available to the Company, it is reasonably possible that the amount that could reverse over the next 12 months is insignificant. Additionally, the French restructuring (see Note 12) may result in limitations on the Company’s ability to utilize its French net operating loss carryforwards to offset future taxable income.

The income tax provision consists primarily of income tax provisions related to state income taxes, the tax effect of changes in deferred tax liabilities associated with tax deductible goodwill and operations in other foreign jurisdictions where the Company operates.
The Company is not currently under examination by the Internal Revenue Service, or by any foreign, state or local tax authorities.
11. Segment and Geographical Information
Operating segments are defined as components of an enterprise for which separate financial information is available and evaluated regularly by the chief operating decision maker, or decision-making group, in deciding how to allocate resources and in assessing performance. The Company has one operating and one reportable business segment.
During the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 , the Company operated in two geographic regions, the U.S. and International, which consists of locations outside of the U.S. In the International geographic region, sales in Japan for the three months ended March 31, 2015 totaled $7.6 million , which represented greater than 10 percent of the Company’s consolidated revenues. In the International geographic region, sales in Japan for the three months ended March 31, 2014 totaled $7.7 million , which represented greater than 10 percent of the Company’s consolidated revenues.
Revenues attributed to the geographic location of the customer were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended
 
 
March 31,
 
 
2015
 
2014
 
United States
$
30,467

 
$
32,050

 
International
18,180

 
17,123

 
Total consolidated revenues
$
48,647

 
$
49,173

 
Total assets by region were as follows (in thousands):
 
 
March 31,
2015
 
December 31,
2014
United States
$
191,378

 
$
200,978

International
128,728

 
143,945

Total consolidated assets
$
320,106

 
$
344,923


19



12. Restructuring
On September 16, 2013, the Company announced that Scient'x began a process to significantly restructure its business operations in France in an effort to improve operating efficiencies and rationalize its cost structure. The restructuring included a reduction in Scient'x's workforce and closing of the manufacturing facilities in France. The Company has recorded total costs of $10.3 million to date associated with this restructuring, which includes employee severance, social plan benefits and related taxes, facility closing costs, manufacturing transfer costs, and contract termination costs. In accordance with ASC Topic 420, Accounting for Costs Associated with Exit or Disposal Activities, and ASC Topic 712 , Non Retirement Postemployment Benefits, the Company has recorded a restructuring charge accrual in accrued expenses of $0.3 million within the condensed consolidated balance sheet as of March 31, 2015 . The Company has substantially completed the activities associated with the restructuring as of March 31, 2015 , and a substantial portion has been paid.
Below is a table of the movement (in thousands):

 
Accrued Balance at
 
Expensed/(Reversed)
 
Paid and
 
Accrued Balance at
 
Total Costs
 
December 31, 2014
 
March 31, 2015
 
Other
 
March 31, 2015
 
Incurred
Social plan costs
$
531

 
$
(60
)
 
$
(135
)
 
$
336

 
$
9,390

Other restructuring costs

 

 

 

 
921

Total
$
531

 
$
(60
)
 
$
(135
)
 
$
336

 
$
10,311

13. Related Party Transactions
For the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 , respectively, the Company incurred expenses of less than $0.1 million and for the three months ended March 31, 2015 had a liability of $0.1 million payable to HealthpointCapital, LLC for travel and administrative expenses.
The Company has entered into indemnification agreements with certain of its directors which are named defendants in the New York Orthotec matter (see Note 6 – Commitments and Contingencies – Litigation). The indemnification agreements require the Company to indemnify these individuals to the fullest extent permitted by applicable law and to advance expenses incurred by them in connection with any proceeding against them with respect to which they may be entitled to indemnification by the Company. For the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 , the Company incurred legal expenses of zero and less than $0.1 million , respectively, in connection with the Company’s indemnification obligations to two former directors of Scient'x in the New York Orthotec matter.


20




Item 2.
Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
You should read the following management's discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations in conjunction with our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements and the related notes thereto that appear elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and the audited consolidated financial statements and notes thereto and under the heading "Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations" in our Annual Report on Form 10-K filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission, or SEC, on February 27, 2015. In addition to historical information the following management’s discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations includes forward-looking information that involves risks, uncertainties, and assumptions. Our actual results and the timing of events could differ materially from those anticipated by these forward-looking statements as a result of many factors, such as those set forth in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 and any updates to those risk factors filed from time to time in our subsequent periodic and current reports filed with the SEC.
Overview
We are a medical technology company focused on the design, development, manufacturing and marketing of products for the surgical treatment of spine disorders. We have a comprehensive product portfolio and pipeline that addresses the cervical, thoracolumbar and intervertebral regions of the spine and covers a variety of major spinal disorders and surgical procedures. Our principal product offerings are focused on the global market for orthopedic spinal disorder solutions. We believe that our products and systems have enhanced features and benefits that make them attractive to surgeons and that our broad portfolio of products and systems provide a comprehensive solution for the safe and successful surgical treatment of spinal disorders.
Revenue and Expense Components
The following is a description of the primary components of our revenues and expenses:
Revenues. We derive our revenues primarily from the sale of spinal surgery implants used in the treatment of spine disorders. Spinal implant products include spine screws and complementary products, vertebral body replacement devices, plates, products to treat vertebral compression fractures and bone grafting materials. Our revenues are generated by our direct sales force and independent distributors. Our products are requested directly by surgeons and shipped and billed to hospitals and surgical centers. In general, except for those countries where we have a direct sales force (the U.S., Japan, Italy and the United Kingdom), we use independent distributors that purchase our products and market them to surgeons. A majority of our business is conducted with customers within markets in which we have experience and with payment terms that are customary to our business. If we offer payment terms greater than our customary business terms or begin operating in a new market, revenues are deferred until the earlier of when payments become due or cash is received from the related distributors.
Cost of revenues. Cost of revenues consists of direct product costs, royalties, milestones, depreciation of our surgical instruments, and the amortization of purchased intangibles. We manufacture substantially all of the non-tissue-based implants that we sell. Our product costs consist primarily of direct labor, manufacturing overhead, and raw materials and components. The product costs of certain of our biologics products include the cost of procuring and processing human tissue. We incur royalties related to the technologies that we license from others and the products that are developed in part by surgeons with whom we collaborate in the product development process. Amortization of purchased intangibles consists of amortization of developed product technology.
Research and development expense. Research and development expense consists of costs associated with the design, development, testing, and enhancement of our products. Research and development expense also includes salaries and related employee benefits, research-related overhead expenses, fees paid to external service providers, and costs associated with our Scientific Advisory Board and Executive Surgeon Panels.
In-process research and development expense. In-process research and development expense consists of acquired research and development assets that were not part of an acquisition of a business and were not part of a business acquisition and were not technically feasible on the date we acquired such technology, provided that technology did not have any alternative future use at that date.
Sales and marketing expense. Sales and marketing expense consists primarily of salaries and related employee benefits, sales commissions and support costs, professional service fees, travel, medical education, trade show and marketing costs.
General and administrative expense. General and administrative expense consists primarily of salaries and related employee benefits, professional service fees and legal expenses.

21



Restructuring expense. Restructuring expense consists of severance, social plan benefits and related taxes, facility closing costs, manufacturing transfer costs and contract termination incurred in connection with the reorganization of the Scient’x operations in France.
Total other income (expense). Total other income (expense) includes interest income, interest expense, gains and losses from foreign currency exchanges, gains and losses on warrant liability and other non-operating gains and losses.
Income tax (benefit) provision . Income tax (benefit) provision consists primarily of state and foreign income taxes and the tax effect of changes in deferred tax liabilities associated with tax goodwill.
Critical Accounting Policies and Estimates
Our discussion and analysis of our financial condition and results of operations is based upon our unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements, which have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the U.S. The preparation of these financial statements requires us to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues, expenses and related disclosures. On an on-going basis, we evaluate our estimates and assumptions, including those related to revenue recognition, allowances for accounts receivable, inventories, goodwill and intangible assets, stock-based compensation and income taxes. We base our estimates on historical experience and on various other assumptions that we believe to be reasonable under the circumstances, the results of which form the basis for making judgments about the carrying values of assets and liabilities that are not readily apparent from other sources. Actual results may differ from these estimates under different assumption conditions.
Critical accounting policies are those that, in management’s view, are most important in the portrayal of our financial condition and results of operations. Management believes there have been no material changes during the three months ended March 31, 2015 to the critical accounting policies discussed in the Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations section of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 .
Results of Operations
The table below sets forth certain statements of operations data for the periods indicated (in thousands). Our historical results are not necessarily indicative of the operating results that may be expected in the future.  
 
Three Months Ended
 
March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Revenues
$
48,647

 
$
49,173

Cost of revenues
15,335

 
15,433

Amortization of acquired intangible assets
369

 
446

Gross profit
32,943

 
33,294

Operating expenses:
 
 
 
Research and development
3,851

 
4,181

Sales and marketing
18,195

 
18,059

General and administrative
9,138

 
14,222

Amortization of acquired intangible assets
677

 
758

Restructuring expense
(60
)
 
776

Total operating expenses
31,801

 
37,996

Operating income (loss)
1,142

 
(4,702
)
Other income (expense):
 
 
 
Interest income
7

 
3

Interest expense
(3,371
)
 
(1,688
)
Other income (expense), net
(1,437
)
 
383

Total other income (expense)
(4,801
)
 
(1,302
)
Pretax net loss
(3,659
)
 
(6,004
)
Income tax provision
902

 
669

Net loss
$
(4,561
)
 
$
(6,673
)


22



Three Months Ended March 31, 2015 Compared to the Three Months Ended March 31, 2014
Revenues. Revenues were $48.6 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $49.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 , representing a decrease of $0.5 million , or 1.1% . The decrease was the result of a decrease in the U.S. region ( $1.6 million ), partially offset by growth in the International region ( $1.1 million ).
U.S. revenues were $30.5 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $32.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 , representing a decrease of $1.6 million , or 4.9% . The decrease was the result of lower sales directly to hospitals ($1.3 million) and a decrease in sales to stocking distributors in the U.S. ($0.3 million).
International revenues were $18.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $17.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 , representing an increase of $1.1 million , or 6.2% . The increase was the result of the growth in implants and instruments sales ($4.2 million), offset by an unfavorable exchange rate effect ($3.2 million).
Cost of revenues. Cost of revenues was $15.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $15.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 , representing a decrease of $0.1 million , or 0.6% . The decrease was primarily the result of a reduction in depreciation expense related to instruments ($0.5 million), a decrease in inventory reserves and adjustments ($0.2 million) and a decrease in royalty and milestone expenses due to a change in product mix ($0.2 million), partially offset by an increase in product costs due to mix ($0.8 million).
Amortization of acquired intangible assets. Amortization of acquired intangible assets was $0.4 million for both the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 . This expense represented amortization in the period for intangible assets associated with product related assets obtained in acquisitions.
Gross profit. Gross profit was $32.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $33.3 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 , representing a decrease of $0.4 million , or 1.1% . The decrease was due to the decline in sales volume.
Gross margin. Gross margin was 67.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to 67.7% for the three months ended March 31, 2014 . Gross margin remained the same percentage in the three months ended March 31, 2015 as compared to the three months ended march 31, 2014 due to a reduction in depreciation expense related to instruments (1.0 percentage points), a decrease in inventory reserves and adjustments (0.6 percentage points), and a decrease in royalty and milestone expenses due to a change in product mix (0.3 percentage points), offset by unfavorable variation in regional and product mix (1.9 percentage points).
Gross margin for the U.S. region was 70.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to 71.9% for the three months ended March 31, 2014 . The decrease of 1.1 percentage points was due to an unfavorable variation in pricing and product mix (2.4 percentage points), offset by a reduction in depreciation expense related to instruments (0.6 percentage points), a decrease in inventory reserves and adjustments (0.4 percentage points) and an decrease in royalty and milestone expenses due to a change in product mix (0.3 percentage points).
Gross margin for the International region was 62.5% for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to 59.8% for the three months ended March 31, 2014 . The increase of 2.7 percentage points was due to a reduction in instrument depreciation (1.3 percentage points), favorable variation in pricing and product mix (0.4 percentage points), a reduction in amortization expense (0.6 percentage points), a reduction in inventory reserves and adjustments (0.2 percentage points) and a decrease in royalty expense based on product mix (0.2 percentage points).
Research and development expense. Research and development expense was $3.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $4.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 , representing a decrease of $0.3 million , or 7.9% . The decrease was related to the timing of development activities.
Sales and marketing expense . Sales and marketing expense was $18.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $18.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 , representing an increase of $0.1 million , or 0.8% . The increase was primarily due to an increase in selling and marketing activities ($0.4) million, partially offset by a decrease in commission expense ($0.3 million).
General and administrative expense. General and administrative expense was $9.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $14.2 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 , representing a decrease of $5.1 million , or 35.7% . The decrease was primarily due to the elimination of legal expenses associated with the Orthotec litigation.
Amortization of acquired intangible assets. Amortization of acquired intangible assets was $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $0.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 . This expense represents amortization in the period for intangible assets associated with general business assets obtained in acquisitions.


23



Restructuring expense . Restructuring expense was a benefit of less than $.1 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to an expense of $0.8 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 . In September 2013, we announced that Scient'x had begun a process to significantly restructure its business operations in France in an effort to improve operating efficiencies and rationalize its cost structure. As of March 31, 2015 substantially all of the activities associated with the restructuring are completed and substantially all of the costs associated with the restructuring have been paid.
Interest expense, net. Interest expense, net, was $3.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and $1.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 representing an increase of $1.7 million , or 99.7% . The increase was primarily due to interest expense and amortization of debt discount related to the Deerfield facility ($1.1 million), imputed interest on the Orthotec settlement ($0.4 million) and interest on higher levels of borrowings under the MidCap facility ($0.2 million).
Other income (expense), net. Other income (expense) was net expense of $1.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to net income of $0.4 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 , representing an increase in expense of $1.8 million. The increase in expense for the three months ended March 31, 2015 was due to unfavorable foreign currency exchange results realized in 2015 due to having U.S. dollar denominated assets and liabilities on foreign subsidiaries books ($1.6 million) and an increase in the fair value of common stock warrant liability ($0.2 million).
Income tax provision. Income tax provision was $0.9 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 compared to $0.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2014 . The income tax provision in 2015 and 2014 consists primarily of state and foreign income taxes and the tax effect of changes in deferred tax liabilities associated with tax deductible goodwill.
Non-GAAP Financial Measures
We utilize certain financial measures that are not calculated based on U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, or GAAP. Certain of these financial measures are considered “non-GAAP” financial measures within the meaning of Item 10 of Regulation S-K promulgated by the SEC. We believe that non-GAAP financial measures reflect an additional way of viewing aspects of our operations that, when viewed with the GAAP results, provide a more complete understanding of our results of operations and the factors and trends affecting our business. These non-GAAP financial measures are unaudited and are also used by our management to evaluate financial results and to plan and forecast future periods. However, non-GAAP financial measures should be considered as a supplement to, and not as a substitute for, or superior to, the corresponding measures calculated in accordance with GAAP. Non-GAAP financial measures used by us may differ from the non-GAAP measures used by other companies, including our competitors.
Adjusted EBITDA represents net income (loss) excluding the effects of interest, taxes, depreciation, amortization, stock-based compensation, other income (expense) and other non-recurring income or expense items, such as litigation expenses and trial costs, in-process research and development expense, acquisition related transaction expenses and restructuring expenses. We believe that the most directly comparable GAAP financial measure to adjusted EBITDA is net income (loss). Adjusted EBITDA has limitations. Therefore, adjusted EBITDA should not be considered either in isolation or as a substitute for analysis of our results as reported under GAAP. Furthermore, adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to operating income (loss) or net income (loss) as a measure of operating performance or to net cash provided by operating, investing or financing activities, or as a measure of our ability to meet cash needs.

24



The following is a reconciliation of adjusted EBITDA to the most comparable GAAP measure, net loss, for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014 (in thousands):
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Net loss
$
(4,561
)
 
$
(6,673
)
Stock-based compensation
1,253

 
944

Depreciation
2,791

 
3,250

Amortization of intangible assets
325

 
397

Amortization of acquired intangible assets
1,046

 
1,204

Interest expense, net
3,364

 
1,685

Income tax provision
902

 
669

Other income (expense), net
1,437

 
(383
)
Restructuring and other expense
(60
)
 
812

Litigation expenses and trial costs

 
4,779

Adjusted EBITDA
$
6,497

 
$
6,684

Liquidity and Capital Resources
At March 31, 2015 , our principal sources of liquidity consisted of cash of $11.4 million and accounts receivable, net of $38.9 million . Based on our operating plan and cash forecast, management believes that on a combined basis, such amounts will be sufficient to fund our projected operating requirements through at least March 31, 2016 . We expect to fund the operating expenses from available cash, cash flow from operating activity and unused availability under the revolving credit and term loan with MidCap Financial, LLC, or MidCap.
On June 7, 2012, we entered into a credit facility, or the Credit Facility, with MidCap, which was amended and restated on August 30, 2013 to, among other things, increase the borrowing limit from $50 million to $73 million. The Credit Facility is due in August 2016 and consists of a revolving line of credit with a maximum borrowing base of $40 million and a $33 million term loan. A $5 million delayed draw on the term loan was borrowed on April 1, 2014. The revolving line bears an interest rate equal to the London Interbank Market Rate, or LIBOR, plus 6.0% and the term loan bears an interest rate of LIBOR plus 8.0%, subject to a 9.5% floor.
The Credit Facility contains certain financial covenants which require us to maintain a certain fixed charge coverage ratio, a senior leverage ratio and a total leverage ratio in order to avoid default under the Credit Facility. We were in compliance with all of the covenants of the Credit Facility as of March 31, 2015 . See “Amended Credit Facility and Other Debt” below.
On March 17, 2014, we entered into a facility agreement, or the Facility Agreement, with Deerfield Private Design Fund II, L.P., Deerfield Private Design International II, L.P., Deerfield Special Situations Fund, L.P., and Deerfield Special Situations International Master Fund, L.P., collectively, "Deerfield", pursuant to which Deerfield agreed to loan us up to $50 million, subject to the terms and conditions set forth in the Facility Agreement. We agreed to pay Deerfield, upon each disbursement of funds under the Facility Agreement, a transaction fee equal to 2.5% of the principal amount of the funds disbursed in addition to the issuance of additional warrants to purchase up to 10,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock to Deerfield. On March 20, 2014, we drew $20 million under the Facility Agreement and received net proceeds of $19.5 million to fund the Orthotec settlement payment obligations through 2014 and on November 21, 2014, we drew an additional $6 million under the Facility Agreement and received net proceeds of $5.9 million to fund the Orthotec settlement payment obligations through a portion of 2016. The unused proceeds from the Facility Agreement are classified as restricted cash and may not be used for other purposes. As of January 30, 2015, we can no longer draw down additional funds under the Facility Agreement.
Based on our current operating plan, we believe that we will be in compliance with our financial covenants under the Credit Facility and the Facility Agreement for the foreseeable future. However, there is no assurance that we will be able to do so. If we are not able to achieve our planned revenue or if we incur costs in excess of our forecasts, we may be required to substantially reduce discretionary spending, and we could be in default of the Credit Facility and the Facility Agreement. Upon the occurrence of an event of default which is not waived by MidCap or Deerfield, they could declare the amounts outstanding under the Credit Facility and the Facility Agreement immediately due and payable and MidCap could refuse to extend further credit. If MidCap or Deerfield were to accelerate the repayment of borrowings under the Credit Facility and the Facility Agreement, we may not have sufficient cash on hand to repay the amounts due under the Credit Facility and the Facility Agreement and would have to seek to amend the terms of the Credit Facility and the Facility Agreement or seek alternative

25



financing. There can be no assurance that in the event of a default, a waiver could be obtained from MidCap or Deerfield, that the Credit Facility and the Facility Agreement could be successfully renegotiated or that we could modify our operations to maintain liquidity. If we are forced to seek additional financing, which may include additional debt and/or equity financing or funding through other third party agreements, there can be no assurance that additional financing will be available on favorable terms or available at all. Furthermore, any equity financing may result in dilution to existing stockholders and any debt financing may include restrictive covenants.
Historically, our principal sources of cash have included customer payments from the sale of our products, proceeds from the issuance of common and preferred stock and proceeds from the issuance of debt. Our principal uses of cash have included cash used in operations, acquisitions of businesses and intellectual property rights, payments relating to purchases of surgical instruments, repayments of borrowings under the Credit Facility and payments due under the Cross Medical and Orthotec settlement agreements. We expect that our principal uses of cash in the future will be for operations, working capital, capital expenditures, and potential acquisitions. We expect that, as our revenues grow, our sales and marketing and research and development expenses will continue to grow and, as a result, we will need to generate significant net revenues to achieve profitability. We anticipate that if we require additional liquidity for operations, it will be funded through borrowings under our revolving Credit Facility, the incurrence of other indebtedness, additional equity financings or a combination of these potential sources of liquidity.
We will need to invest in working capital and surgical instruments (the costs of which are capitalized) in order to support our revenue projections through the end of 2015 . If we are not able to achieve our revenue forecast and cash consumption starts to exceed forecasted consumption, management will need to adjust our investment in surgical instruments and manage our inventory to the decreased sales volumes. If we do not make these adjustments in a timely manner, there could be an adverse impact on our financial resources. Our revenue projections may be negatively impacted as a result of a decline in sales of our products, including declines due to changes in our customers’ ability to obtain third-party coverage and reimbursement for procedures that use our products, increased pricing pressures resulting from intensifying competition, and cost increases and slower product development cycles resulting from a changing regulatory environment.
A substantial portion of our available cash funds is held in business accounts with reputable financial institutions. At times, however, our deposits, may exceed federally insured limits and thus we may face losses in the event of insolvency of any of the financial institutions where our funds are deposited. We did not hold any marketable securities as of March 31, 2015 .
Operating Activities
We used net cash of $2.2 million from operating activities for the three months ended March 31, 2015 . During this period, net cash used in operating activities primarily consisted of a net loss of $4.6 million and working capital and other assets of $5.2 million , which were offset by $7.5 million of non-cash costs including amortization, depreciation, deferred income taxes, stock-based compensation, provision for doubtful accounts, provision for excess and obsolete inventory, and interest expense related to amortization of debt discount and issue costs. Working capital and other assets of $5.2 million consisted of increases in inventories of $0.7 million , and decreases in accounts payable of $0.5 million , and accrued expenses and other liabilities of $6.7 million , partially offset by decreases in restricted cash of $1.1 million , accounts receivable of $1.3 million and prepaid expenses and other current assets of $0.3 million .
Investing Activities
We used cash of $3.5 million , net of accounts payable, in investing activities for the three months ended March 31, 2015 , including $3.5 million for the purchase of surgical instruments.
Financing Activities
Financing activities used net cash of $3.7 million for the three months ended March 31, 2015 . On the MidCap term loan we borrowed $39.0 million and we made principal payments totaling $40.2 million . We made principal payments on notes payable and capital leases totaling $2.4 million in the three months ended March 31, 2015 .

26



Amended Credit Facility and Other Debt
On August 30, 2013, we entered into an Amended and Restated Credit, Security and Guaranty Agreement, or the Credit Facility, with MidCap to, among other things, increase the borrowing limit from $50 million to $73 million . We also extended the maturity to August 2016 . The Credit Facility consists of a $33 million term loan, $28 million of which was drawn at closing and a $5 million delayed draw that was drawn in April 2014, and a revolving line of credit with a maximum borrowing base of $40 million . We used the term loan proceeds of $28 million to repay a portion of the outstanding balance on the prior revolving line of credit. The $5 million delayed draw was borrowed on April 1, 2014. In addition to monthly payments of interest, monthly repayments of $0.3 million of the principal for the term loan were made beginning in October 2013, increasing to $0.5 million beginning in October 2014, and are due through maturity, with the remaining principal due upon maturity.
The Credit Facility includes traditional lending and reporting covenants which among other things requires us to maintain a fixed charge coverage ratio and a senior leverage ratio. The Credit Facility also includes several potential events of default, such as payment default and insolvency conditions, which could cause interest to be charged at a rate which is up to five percentage points above the rate effective immediately before the event of default or result in MidCap’s right to declare all outstanding obligation immediately due and payable. We were in compliance with all of the covenants of the Credit Facility as of March 31, 2015 .
On March 17, 2014, we entered into a First Amendment to Amended and Restated Credit, Security and Guaranty Agreement, or the First Amendment, with MidCap as Administrative Agent and lender and other lenders from time to time a party thereto, or together with MidCap, the Lenders. The First Amendment permits, among other things, our execution of, and borrowing of loans, under the Facility Agreement and Alphatec Spine’s granting of liens as security therefor, and the payment of our Orthotec litigation settlement obligations and completion of certain conditions. The First Amendment also added a total leverage ratio financial covenant to the Credit Facility.
On March 20, 2014, we drew $20 million under the Facility Agreement with Deerfield and received net proceeds of $19.5 million, which we used to fund our Orthotec settlement payment obligations through 2014. On November 21, 2014, we drew an additional $6 million under the Facility Agreement and received net proceeds of $5.9 million to fund the portion of the Orthotec settlement payment obligations that are due through 2016. The amounts borrowed under the Facility Agreement are due in three equal annual payments beginning March 20, 2017.
We have various capital lease arrangements. The leases bear interest at rates ranging from 6.6% to 9.6% per annum, are generally due in monthly principal and interest installments, are collateralized by the related equipment, and have various maturity dates through June 2017 . As of March 31, 2015 , the balance of these capital leases, net of interest totaled $1.6 million .

27



Contractual obligations and commercial commitments
Total contractual obligations and commercial commitments as of March 31, 2015 are summarized in the following table (in thousands):
 
 
Payment Due by Year
 
 
 
2015
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Total
 
(9 months)
 
2016
 
2017
 
2018
 
2019
 
Thereafter
Amended Credit Facility with MidCap
$
57,712

 
$
4,207

 
$
53,505

 
$

 
$

 
$

 
$

Credit Facility with Deerfield
26,000

 

 

 
8,667

 
8,667

 
8,666

 

Interest expense
12,578

 
4,885

 
4,850

 
1,706

 
947

 
190

 

Notes payable for software licenses
176

 
83

 
93

 

 

 

 

Note payable for insurance premiums
821

 
821

 

 

 

 

 

Capital lease obligations
1,759

 
625

 
787

 
347

 

 

 

Operating lease obligations
5,787

 
2,602

 
2,190

 
731

 
193

 
71

 

Litigation settlement obligations
40,133

 
5,300

 
4,400

 
4,400

 
4,400

 
4,400

 
17,233

Guaranteed minimum royalty obligations
11,880

 
2,212

 
2,546

 
2,218

 
2,218

 
1,468

 
1,218

New product development milestones (1)
400

 

 
200

 

 

 
200

 

Total
$
157,246

 
$
20,735

 
$
68,571

 
$
18,069

 
$
16,425

 
$
14,995

 
$
18,451

__________________________
(1)
This commitment represents payments in cash, and is subject to attaining certain sales milestones, development milestones such as U.S. Food and Drug Administration approval, product design and functionality testing requirements, which we believe are reasonably likely to be achieved during the period from 2015 through 2019.
Stock-based Compensation
Stock-based compensation has been classified as follows in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of operations (in thousands, except per share data):
 
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2015
 
2014
Cost of revenues
$
22

 
$
66

Research and development
558

 
420

Sales and marketing
125

 
125

General and administrative
548

 
333

Total
$
1,253

 
$
944

Effect on basic and diluted net loss per share
$
(0.01
)
 
$
(0.01
)
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
In May 2014, the FASB issued new accounting guidance related to revenue recognition. This new standard will replace all current U.S. GAAP guidance on this topic and eliminate all industry-specific guidance. The new revenue recognition standard provides a unified model to determine when and how revenue is recognized. The core principle is that a company should recognize revenue to depict the transfer of promised goods or services to customers in an amount that reflects the consideration to which the entity expects to be entitled in exchange for those goods or services. On April 1, 2015, the FASB proposed deferring the effective date by one year to December 15, 2017 for annual reporting periods beginning after that date. The FASB also proposed permitting early adoption of the standard, but not before the original effective date of December 15, 2016. We are currently evaluating the impact, if any, that the adoption of this standard will have on our financial statements.

28



In August 2014, the FASB issued guidance related to disclosures of uncertainties about an entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. The guidance requires management to evaluate whether there are conditions and events that raise substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern within one year after the financial statements are issued. Management will be required to make this evaluation for both annual and interim reporting periods and will have to make certain disclosures if it concludes that substantial doubt exists or when its plans alleviate substantial doubt about the entity’s ability to continue as a going concern. Substantial doubt exists when relevant conditions and events, considered in the aggregate, indicate that it is probable that the entity will be unable to meet its obligations as they become due within one year after the date that the financial statements are issued. The guidance is effective for annual periods ending after December 15, 2016 and for interim reporting periods starting in the first quarter 2017, with early adoption permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of this guidance and expect to adopt the standard for the annual reporting period ended December 31, 2017.
In April 2015, the FASB issued guidance that amends existing guidance to require the presentation of debt issuance costs in the balance sheet as a deduction from the carrying amount of the related debt liability instead of a deferred charge. The guidance will not change the amortization of debt issuance costs, which will continue to follow the existing accounting guidance.This guidance is effective for annual reporting periods beginning after December 15, 2015, but early adoption is permitted. We are currently evaluating the impact of adopting this new accounting standard on our financial statements.

Forward Looking Statements
This Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q incorporates a number of forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, or the Securities Act, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, or the Exchange Act, including statements regarding:
our estimates regarding anticipated operating losses, future revenue, expenses, capital requirements, uses and sources of cash and liquidity, including our anticipated revenue growth and cost savings;
our ability to market, improve, grow, commercialize and achieve market acceptance of any of our products or any product candidates that we are developing or may develop in the future
our beliefs about the enhance features, strengths and benefits of our products and product platform and our intention to provide unmatched service to the surgeon community ;
the effect of our strategy to streamline our organization and lower our costs;
our beliefs about the attractiveness of the features and benefits of our products;
our ability to successfully integrate, and realize benefits from acquisitions;
our ability to successfully achieve and maintain regulatory clearance or approval for our products in applicable jurisdictions and in a timely manner;
the effect of any existing or future federal, state or international regulations on our ability to effectively conduct our business;
our estimates of market sizes and anticipated uses of our products, including the market size of the aging spine market and our ability to successfully penetrate such market;
our business strategy and our underlying assumptions about market data, demographic trends, reimbursement trends, pricing trends;
our ability to achieve profitability, and the potential need to raise additional funding;
our ability to maintain an adequate sales network for our products, including to attract and retain independent distributors;
our ability to enhance our U.S. and international sales networks and product penetration;
our ability to increase the use and promotion of our products by training and educating surgeons;
our ability to attract and retain a qualified management team, as well as other qualified personnel and advisors;
our ability to enter into licensing and business combination agreements with third parties and to successfully integrate the acquired technology and/or businesses;
our management team’s ability to accommodate growth and manage a larger organization;
our ability to protect our intellectual property, and to not infringe upon the intellectual property of third parties;

29



our ability to maintain compliance with the quality requirements of the FDA and similar regulatory authorities outside of the U.S.;
the effects of the escalating cost of medical products and services and the effects of market demand, government regulation, third-party reimbursement policies and societal pressures on the worldwide healthcare industry and our business;
our ability to meet the financial covenants under our credit facilities;
our ability to conclude that we have effective disclosure controls and procedures;
our ability to meet or exceed the industry standard in clinical and legal compliance and corporate governance programs;
potential liability resulting from litigation;
potential liability resulting from a governmental review of our business practices;
our beliefs about the usefulness of the non-GAAP financial measures included in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q;
our ability to meet and potential liability from not meeting the payment obligations under either the Cross Medical or Orthotec settlements;
our beliefs with respect to our critical accounting policies and the reasonableness of our estimates and assumptions; and
other factors discussed elsewhere in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q or any document incorporated by reference herein or therein.
Any or all of our forward-looking statements in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q may turn out to be wrong. They can be affected by inaccurate assumptions by known or unknown risks and uncertainties. Many factors mentioned in our discussion in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q will be important in determining future results. Consequently, no forward-looking statement can be guaranteed. Actual future results may vary materially from expected results.
We also provide a cautionary discussion of risks and uncertainties under “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 and any updates to those risk factors filed from time to time in our subsequent periodic and current reports filed with the SEC. These are factors that we think could cause our actual results to differ materially from expected results. Other factors besides those listed there could also adversely affect us.
Without limiting the foregoing, the words “believe,” “anticipate,” “plan,” “expect,” “estimate,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “could,” “would,” “seek,” “intend,” “continue,” “project,” and similar expressions are intended to identify forward-looking statements. There are a number of factors and uncertainties that could cause actual events or results to differ materially from those indicated by such forward-looking statements, many of which are beyond our control, including the factors set forth under “Risk Factors” in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2014 . In addition, the forward-looking statements contained herein represent our estimate only as of the date of this filing and should not be relied upon as representing our estimate as of any subsequent date. While we may elect to update these forward-looking statements at some point in the future, we specifically disclaim any obligation to do so to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting such forward-looking statements.

30



Item 3.
Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
Interest Rate Risk
Our borrowings under our Credit Facility expose us to market risk related to changes in interest rates. As of March 31, 2015 , our outstanding floating rate indebtedness totaled $57.7 million . The primary base interest rate is the LIBOR rate. Assuming the outstanding balance on our floating rate indebtedness remains constant over a year, a 100 basis point increase in the interest rate would decrease pre-tax income and cash flow by approximately $0.6 million. Other outstanding debt consists of fixed rate instruments, including debt outstanding under the Facility Agreement, notes payable and capital leases.
Foreign Currency Risk
Our foreign currency exposure continues to grow as we expand internationally. Our exposure to foreign currency transaction gains and losses is primarily the result of certain net receivables due from our foreign subsidiaries and customers being denominated in currencies other than the U.S. dollar, primarily the Euro and Japanese Yen, in which our revenues and profits are denominated. We also had unfavorable foreign currency exchange results realized in 2015 due to having U.S. dollar denominated assets and liabilities on foreign subsidiaries books. We do not currently engage in hedging or similar transactions to reduce these risks. Fluctuations in currency exchange rates could impact our results of operations, financial position and cash flows.
Commodity Price Risk
We purchase raw materials that are processed from commodities, such as titanium and stainless steel. These purchases expose us to fluctuations in commodity prices. Given the historical volatility of certain commodity prices, this exposure can impact our product costs. However, because our raw material prices comprise a small portion of our cost of revenues, we have not experienced any material impact on our results of operations from changes in commodity prices. A 10% change in commodity prices would not have had a material impact on our results of operations for the three months ended March 31, 2015 .
Equity Price Risk
In connection with the Facility Agreement with Deerfield, we have issued warrants to purchase 11,450,000 shares of our common stock. We recorded the warrant liability at fair value and adjust the carrying value of these common stock warrants to their estimated fair value at each reporting date with the increases or decreases in the fair value of such warrants at each reporting date recorded as other income (expense) in our consolidated statement of operations. A 10 percent increase in our stock price from its March 31, 2015 closing price of $1.45 per share would increase the fair value of the warrant liability by approximately $1.3 million with a corresponding charge to our income statement.
Item 4.
Controls and Procedures
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
We maintain disclosure controls and procedures that are designed to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in our reports that we file or submit pursuant to the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended, or the Exchange Act, is recorded, processed, summarized and reported within the time periods specified in the Securities and Exchange Commission’s, or SEC's, rules and forms, and that such information is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer, as appropriate, to allow for timely decisions regarding required disclosure. In designing and evaluating the disclosure controls and procedures, management recognizes that any controls and procedures, no matter how well designed and operated, can provide only reasonable assurance of achieving the desired control objectives, and management is required to apply its judgment in evaluating the cost-benefit relationship of possible controls and procedures.
Under the supervision and with the participation of our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and our Chief Financial Officer, we carried out an evaluation of the effectiveness of our disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) as of the end of the period covered by this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q. Based on such evaluation, our Chief Executive Officer and Chief Financial Officer have concluded that our disclosure controls and procedures were effective to ensure that information required to be disclosed by us in the reports that we file or submit under the Exchange Act is recorded, processed, summarized and reported, within the time periods specified in the SEC’s rules and forms, and is accumulated and communicated to our management, including our Chief Executive Officer and Chief

31



Financial Officer, or persons performing similar functions, as appropriate to allow timely decisions regarding required disclosure.
Changes in Internal Control over Financial Reporting
There were no changes in our internal control over financial reporting identified in connection with the evaluation of such internal control that occurred during the quarter ended March 31, 2015 that have materially affected, or are reasonably likely to materially affect, our internal control over financial reporting.



32




PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
Item 1.
Legal Proceedings
Litigation
On August 10, 2010, a purported securities class action complaint was filed in the United States District Court for the Southern District of California on behalf of all persons who purchased our common stock between December 19, 2009 and August 5, 2010 against us and certain of our directors and officers alleging violations of the Exchange Act and Rule 10b-5 promulgated thereunder. On February 17, 2011, an amended complaint was filed against us and certain of our directors and officers adding alleged violations of the Securities Act. HealthpointCapital, Jefferies & Company, Inc., Canaccord Adams, Inc., Cowen and Company, Inc., and Lazard Capital Markets LLC are also defendants in this action. The complaint alleges that the defendants made false or misleading statements and failed to disclose material facts about our business, financial condition, operations and prospects, particularly relating to the Scient’x transaction and our financial guidance following the closing of the acquisition. The complaint seeks unspecified monetary damages, attorneys’ fees, and other unspecified relief. We filed a motion to dismiss the amended complaint on April 18, 2011. The district court granted the motion to dismiss with leave to amend on March 22, 2012. On April 19, 2012, the lead plaintiff filed a Second Amended Complaint alleging violations of Sections 10(b) and 20(a) of the Exchange Act and violations of Sections 11, 12(a)(2), and 15 of the Securities Act against the same named defendants. On May 3, 2012, we filed a motion to dismiss the Second Amended Complaint. The district court granted that motion without leave to amend and entered final judgment in our favor on March 28, 2013. On April 17, 2013, the lead plaintiff filed a notice of appeal to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit. The appeal has been fully briefed and an oral argument is scheduled for May 5, 2015. We believe that the claims are without merit and we intend to vigorously defend ourselves against this complaint. However, the outcome of the litigation cannot be predicted at this time and any outcome that is adverse to us, regardless of who the defendant is, could have a significant adverse effect on our financial condition and results of operations.
At March 31, 2015 , the probable outcome of any of the aforementioned litigation matters that have not reached a settlement cannot be determined nor can we estimate a range of potential loss. Accordingly, in accordance with the authoritative guidance on the evaluation of contingencies, we have not recorded an accrual related to any litigation matters that have not reached a settlement. We are and may become involved in various other legal proceedings arising from our business activities. While management does not believe the ultimate disposition of the above matters that have not yet been settled will have a material adverse impact on our consolidated results of operations, cash flows or financial position, litigation is inherently unpredictable, and depending on the nature and timing of these proceedings, an unfavorable resolution could materially affect our future consolidated results of operations, cash flows or financial position in a particular period.  
Item 1A.
Risk Factors
There have been no material changes to the risk factors described under Item 1A of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2014 .  

33



Item 2.
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities
None
Issuer Purchases of Equity Securities
Under the terms of our Amended and Restated 2005 Employee, Director and Consultant Stock Plan, or the 2005 Plan, we may award shares of restricted stock to our employees, directors and consultants. These shares of restricted stock are subject to a lapsing right of repurchase by us. We may exercise this right of repurchase in the event that a restricted stock recipient’s employment, directorship or consulting relationship with us terminates prior to the end of the vesting period. If we exercise this right, we are required to repay the purchase price paid by or on behalf of the recipient for the repurchased restricted shares. Repurchased shares are returned to the 2005 Plan and are available for future awards under the terms of the 2005 Plan. .
Period
Total Number
of Shares
Purchased
 
Average Price
Paid per
Share
 
Total Number of
Shares Purchased
as part of Publicly
Announced  Plans
or Programs
 
Maximum Number
of Shares That May
Yet Be Purchased
Under the Plans or
Programs
January 1, 2015 through January 31, 2015

 
$

 

 

February 1, 2015 through February 28, 2015

 
$

 

 

March 1, 2015 through March 31, 2015

 
$

 

 

(1)
Not included in the table above are 8,205 shares of common stock forfeited and retired in connection with the payment of minimum statutory withholding taxes due upon the vesting of certain stock awards or the exercise of certain stock options. In lieu of making a cash payment with respect to such withholding taxes, the holders of such stock forfeited a number of shares at the then current fair market value of the shares to pay such taxes.

__________________________


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Item 6.
Exhibits
Exhibit Number
Exhibit Description
 
 
 
 
10.1
Summary of the 2015 Discretionary Cash Bonus Plan
 
 
31.1
Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
31.2
Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
32
Certification Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
101
The following materials from the Alphatec Holdings, Inc. Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2015, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, (ii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss (Unaudited) for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, (iv) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, and (v) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).







35



SIGNATURES
Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
 
ALPHATEC HOLDINGS, INC.
 
 
By:
/s/ James M. Corbett
 
James M. Corbett
President and Chief Executive Officer
(principal executive officer)
 
 
By:
/s/ Michael O’Neill
 
Michael O’Neill
Chief Financial Officer, Vice President and Treasurer
(principal financial officer and principal accounting officer)
Date: April 30, 2015

36



Exhibit Index
 
Exhibit Number
Exhibit Description
 
 
 
 
10.1
Summary of the 2015 Discretionary Cash Bonus Plan
 
 
31.1
Certification of Principal Executive Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
31.2
Certification of Principal Financial Officer Pursuant to Section 302 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
32
Certification Pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002.
 
 
101
The following materials from the Alphatec Holdings, Inc. Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q for the quarter ended March 31, 2015, formatted in XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language): (i) Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets (Unaudited) as of March 31, 2015 and December 31, 2014, (ii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited) for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, (iii) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Loss (Unaudited) for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, (iv) Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows (Unaudited) for the three months ended March 31, 2015 and 2014, and (v) Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements (Unaudited).

 
 


37

Exhibit 10.1
Summary of the 2015 Alphatec Holdings, Inc. Discretionary Bonus Plan
2015 Discretionary Bonus Plan for United States Employees and James Corbett (President and CEO), Michael O’Neill (CFO),Michael Plunkett (COO), Stephen Lubischer (VP, Sales) and Ebun Garner (General Counsel and SVP)
In the United States, under our 2015 Discretionary Bonus Plan (the “2015 Bonus Plan”) the target cash bonus is a formula expressed as a percentage of each employee’s 2015 base salary, subject to the achievement of corporate performance criteria. The corporate performance criteria were predicated on the achievement of: (i) certain revenue and income targets, and (ii) certain annual free cash flow (defined as EBITDA plus or minus change in working capital (inventory, receivables, payables) minus capital expenditures) targets. Each set of targets were established by the Company’s Nominating, Governance and Compensation Committee (the “Committee”) in accordance with the 2015 operating plan that was approved by the Company’s Board of Directors. For the executive officers listed above, which are the named executive officers in the Company’s 2015 proxy, and the Company’s other executive officers, 100% of the bonus is based upon the Company’s performance compared to the revenue and income targets. For the remainder of the employees in the United States a portion of their bonus is based upon Company’s performance compared to the revenue and income targets, and a portion of their bonus is based upon the individual’s achievement of such individual’s personal performance goals. The bonus is payable in 2016. The Committee approved all financial performance criteria for the awarding of such cash bonuses.

With respect to all of the bonuses described above, we have to have achieved a threshold of financial performance that was established by the Committee before any of the discretionary bonuses based on the financial criteria set forth above would become payable. However, the Committee has the authority to issue bonuses if such criteria has not been achieved if it believes that circumstances warrant the payment of such bonus. Likewise, even if the financial criteria were met, the Committee has the ability to not issue any individual a bonus if it believes that circumstances warrant the non-payment of such bonus.
Under the 2015 Bonus Plan, the range of bonus opportunity as a percentage of 2015 base salary for each of our named executive officers in our 2015 proxy statement is as follows:

Name
 
2015
Base Salary
 
2015 Target
Bonus
Percentage
James Corbett, President and CEO
 
$
530,000

 
80
%
Michael Plunkett, COO
 
$
335,000

 
60
%
Michael O’Neill, CFO
 
$
325,000

 
60
%
Stephen Lubischer, VP, Sales
 
$
290,000

 
60
%
Ebun Garner, General Counsel and SVP
 
$
280,000

 
60
%
 




Exhibit 31.1
CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER
PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, James M. Corbett, certify that:
1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Alphatec Holdings, Inc.;
2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
By:
/s/ James M. Corbett
 
James M. Corbett
President and Chief Executive Officer (principal executive officer)
 
April 30, 2015







Exhibit 31.2
CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER
PURSUANT TO SECTION 302 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

I, Michael O'Neill, certify that:
1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Alphatec Holdings, Inc.;
2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
4. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
a) designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
b) designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
c) evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
d) disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter (the registrant’s fourth fiscal quarter in the case of an annual report) that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
5. The registrant’s other certifying officer(s) and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
a) all significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
b) any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
By:
/s/ Michael O’Neill
 
Michael O’Neill
Chief Financial Officer, Vice President and Treasurer
(principal financial officer)
 
April 30, 2015






Exhibit 32
CERTIFICATION UNDER
SECTION 906 OF THE SARBANES-OXLEY ACT OF 2002

In connection with the Quarterly Report of Alphatec Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015 , as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, James M. Corbett, Chief Executive Officer, certify, to my knowledge, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:
1.
The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
2.
The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Dated:
April 30, 2015
/s/ James M. Corbett
 
 
James M. Corbett
President and Chief Executive Officer
(principal executive officer)
In connection with the Quarterly Report of Alphatec Holdings, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the quarterly period ended March 31, 2015 , as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission on the date hereof (the “Report”), I, Michael O’Neill, Chief Financial Officer, certify, to my knowledge, pursuant to 18 U.S.C. Section 1350, as adopted pursuant to Section 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002, that:
1.
The Report fully complies with the requirements of Section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
2.
The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Dated:
April 30, 2015
/s/ Michael O’Neill
 
 
Michael O’Neill
Chief Financial Officer, Vice President and Treasurer
(principal financial officer and principal accounting officer of the Company)